U.S. NEWS AND WORLD REPORT - EPI's Wendy King and colleagues found that eating habits and physical activity have a greater impact on weight-loss surgery's long-term success than measures like counting calories. Limiting sedentary behaviors, self-weighing at least once a week, avoiding fast food, and correcting problematic eating behaviors were all factors associated with a greater chance of limiting weight gain after weight-loss surgery.
EPI’s Lewis Kuller was honored at the Pittsburgh Heart Ball for his groundbreaking contributions to the study of cardiovascular disease. When presenting the award, Anne Newman, chair of the department, said that Kuller "always challenged current public health knowledge through research and interventions designed to stimulate major advances in public health and prevention."
Pittwire - Epi’s Dr. Juan Celedón comments on research that shows that a set of genetic mutations found mostly in people of African ancestry may make them less likely to respond to albuterol, the most-prescribed asthma drug in the world. Asthma hits African-Americans particularly hard, and the health care system often fails them. CDC estimates 15.3 percent of black children have the disease compared with 7.1 percent of white children.
HEALIO – "A major question of concern in type 1 diabetes is the association of age at menarche with glycemic control; however, studies evaluating the impact of glycemic control on the age at menarche in young women with type 1 diabetes have provided conflicting results," said EPI’s Tina Costacou, finding that nephropathy is more likely to develop in women with type 1 diabetes who are older at age of menarche compared with those who are younger. ...
HELIO - "Our findings suggest that serum [estradiol] measures may help to identify women at high risk of fracture during the menopausal transition," said EPI's Jane Cauley who, along with colleagues, analyzed data of 2,960 women aged 42 to 52 years at baseline participating in the Study of Women's Health Acros the Nation (SWAN), an ongoing, longitudinal cohort study of midlife women at seven clinical sites.
INFECTION CONTROL TODAY - A high proportion of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases can be cured in conflict-affected communities with molecular diagnostics, shorter treatment periods, and socioeconomic incentives, according to the results of a large, long-term study in the Democratic Republic of Congo led by IDM and EPI's Jean Nachega.
PITTSBURGH COURIER - While her baby is still a toddler, a woman who had preeclampsia during her pregnancy might already be on the path to heart disease and not getting the care she needs. Perinatal epidemiologistJanet Catov is among those researchers examining what pregnancy-related signals identify women at the highest risk of future cardiovascular disease. Helping a woman at that early point, with interventions that can reverse or treat risk f...
HELIO - Middle-aged adults with type 1 diabetes are more likely to experience depressive symptoms than those without, and extended hyperglycemia and more white matter hyperintensities in the brain may play a role in this difference, according to findings published in Diabetic Medicine by EPI's Caterina Rosano and colleagues.
MEDICALRESEARCH.COM - Work by Gabrielle Snyder (EPI '15) tests the association between breastfeeding duration and maternal waist circumference while controlling for race, socioeconomic status, and behavioral factors like better diet and more physical activity. The study found that women who breastfed more than 6 months had smaller waists and lower body mass index one decade after delivery compared to women who breastfed less than 6 months.
PT PRODUCTS - "Even though falls are caused by a number of factors, our paper focuses on a novel risk factor: sleep. Results suggest that interventions aimed at improving sleep may reduce the risk of falls." says EPI's Jane Cauley.
The African Academy of Sciences elected IDM and EPI's Jean Nachega a fellow in recognition of his efforts to develop patient care, teaching, and research around epidemiology and infectious diseases in Africa. In addition, the Academy of Sciences of South Africa - which aims to provide evidence-based scientific advice on issues of public interest - named him a member-elect.
NEW YORK TIMES - Breast-feeding for longer than six months may lead to a smaller waist size for the mother. “There are three wins here,” said EPI's Janet Catov. “There are short-term benefits for the mother — weight after pregnancy is something women care about. And there are long-term benefits for the mother’s health. And the third win is that it’s really good for the baby.”
HEALTHCARE INFORMATICS - EPI's Oscar Marroquin, a practicing cardiologist, was interviewed as part of the fourth-quarter 2018 Healthcare Informatics cover story for helping to lead a team of clinical data experts at the vast, 40-hospital UPMC health system in Pittsburgh.
THE ALLEGHENY FRONT - A new study finds that primary pollutants were linked with emergency room visits for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. EPI's Evelyn Talbott says that the study incorporates data from 48 air monitors in the greater Pittsburgh region, and data from the area’s major health care providers.