New research from the University of Pittsburgh suggests that doubts raised recently about the protective effects of high density lipoprotein (HDL), or “good,” cholesterol by a genetic study and several recent clinical trials of HDL-raising drugs could be put to rest by using a better indicator of HDL status.
When temperatures approach or exceed 90 degrees, health officials warn people to stay inside and keep cool, and if that's not possible, drink plenty of fluids, use sunscreen, wear light clothing and avoid exertion.
A multidisciplinary team at the University of Pittsburgh will be leading a national effort to explore the relationship between the bacteria that live in the lungs, gene activation patterns, and disease progression. The project, funded by a three-year, $8.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, intends to learn more about the causes and progression of two potentially deadly yet under-studied lung diseases, alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT...
There was a higher prevalence of alcohol use disorders among patients who underwent bariatric surgery in the second year after surgery and specifically after a specific type of gastric bypass compared with the years immediately before and following surgery, according to a study in the June 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Akira Sekikawa, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, was recently interviewed by the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette concerning omega-3 and omega-6 essential fatty acids, and their effects on brain development and health maintenance. According to Sekikawa, the American Health Association recommends replacing saturated fat with a balance of these poly-unsaturated fats that cannot be efficiently generated in the body, and must come from dietary ...
The University of Pittsburgh has appointed Jian-Min Yuan, MD, PhD, as the associate director for cancer control and population sciences and the leader of the Cancer Epidemiology, Prevention and Control Program at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute. In addition, Dr. Yuan will serve as visiting professor of epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.
Constance Bayles, PhD, a Department of Epidemiology faculty member, was recently named one of eleven 2011 Mon River Fleet Women of Achievement. Awardees were selected based upon their contributions in health care, education, society, safety, recreation, spirituality, volunteerism, lifetime achievement, or special projects through the Fleet’s Healthier Communities PartnerSHIPS.
An increase in child abuse, mostly in infants, is linked with the recent recession in new research that raises fresh concerns about the impact of the nation's economic woes. The results are in a study of 422 abused children from mostly lower-income families, known to face greater risks for being abused, and the research involved just 74 counties in four states.
The accomplishments of Caterina Rosano, MD, PhD, Epidemiology faculty member, and researcher in the Graduate School of Public Health Center for Aging and Population Health, were recently highlighted in the summer 2011 edition of Pitt Magazine . As a physician and epidemiologist, Rosano focuses on how the brain works and what it may reveal about the secrets of longevity.
The Epidemiology of Brain Resilience in Aging (e-BRAIN) program and the Claude D. Pepper Center at the University of Pittsburgh have established a new, multidisciplinary Journal Club to explore the application of neuroimaging methods in the context of aging and population studies with a specific focus on advances in MRI and their neuroanatomical correlates in the aging brain.
The life expectancy of people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes dramatically increased during the course of a 30-year, long-term prospective study, according to a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health study being presented at the 71st Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association.
Giving wealthier counties greater access to influenza vaccine than poorer counties could worsen a flu epidemic because poor areas have fairly high population densities with higher levels of interaction among households and communities, enabling the infection to spread faster, according to a University of Pittsburgh study.
The University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health (GSPH) has launched a multi-year study to help identify environmental and other factors that may put children at risk for developing conditions within the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The Study of Environmental Risk Factors for Childhood Autism is being conducted throughout southwestern Pennsylvania in Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Washington and Westmoreland counties.
As the nation embarks on the largest children’s health study ever undertaken in the United States, Pitt is among the institutions playing a role in collecting data.