EOH Journal Club

EOH Journal Club - Spring 2018 - Amrita Sahu

Thursday 1/11 11:00AM - 12:00PM
Public Health 4140
EOH Journal Club Seminar - Spring 2018

Date: Thursday January 11, 2018

Time: 11am - 12pm

Presenter: Amrita Sahu

Paper: Bioengineered constructs combined with exercise enhance stem cell-mediated treatment of volumetric muscle loss

Authors: Marco Quarta, Melinda Cromie, Robert Chacon, Justin Blonigan, Victor Garcia, Igor Akimenko, Mark Hamer, Patrick Paine, Merel Stok, Joseph B. Shrager & Thomas A. Rando

Abstract: Volumetric muscle loss (VML) is associated with loss of skeletal muscle function, and current treatments show limited efficacy. Here we show that bioconstructs suffused with geneticallylabelled muscle stem cells (MuSCs) and other muscle resident cells (MRCs) are effective to treat VML injuries in mice. Imaging of bioconstructs implanted in damaged muscles indicates MuSCs survival and growth, and ex vivo analyses show force restoration of treated muscles. Histological analysis highlights myofibre formation, neovascularisation, but insufficient innervation. Both innervation and in vivo force  production are enhanced when implantation of bioconstructs is followed by an exercise regimen. Significant improvements are also observed when bioconstructs are used to treat chronic VML injury models. Finally, we demonstrate that bioconstructs made with human MuSCs and MRCs can generate functional muscle tissue in our VML model. These data suggest that stem cell-based therapies aimed to engineer tissue in vivo may be effective to treat acute and chronic VML.

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Last Updated On Wednesday, January 03, 2018 by Orbell, Adam W
Created On Wednesday, January 03, 2018