Researchers from GSPH presented findings from several studies at the American Diabetes Association 70th Scientific Sessions, June 25-29, in Orlando, FL. Highlights of their findings are included below. Full press releases for each study are available from EurekAlert! or by contacting Clare Collins.
No Heart Benefit from Omega-3 in Women with Type 1 Diabetes
Consuming higher amounts of omega-3 fatty acids does not appear to lower heart disease risk for women with type 1 diabetes. The study included 601 men and women enrolled in the Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study, a long-term prospective examination of childhood onset type 1 diabetes that began in 1986. The incidence of heart disease was lowest in men who consumed the highest quantities of omega-3, but no such benefit was found in women.
Minor Kidney Damage in People with Type 1 Diabetes Can Lead to Major Increases in Mortality Over Time
People with type 1 diabetes who have early and asymptomatic kidney damage, as indicated by traces of protein in the urine, are six times more likely to die compared to the general population. Yet, when kidneys remained normal over time, people with type 1 diabetes were not at greater risk of death than their healthy counterparts. The findings were based on longitudinal data from more than 600 men and women.
Can Too Much of A Good Thing be Harmful? Very High Levels of “Good” Cholesterol Linked to Heart Disease in Women with Type 1 Diabetes
Elevated blood levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) or “good” cholesterol, typically thought to protect against heart disease, may do the opposite in women with type 1 diabetes. Study researchers found the incidence of heart disease increased substantially in women with very high levels of HDL.