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IDM's Mellors finds latent HIV may exist in both resting and non-resting CD4 T cells

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INFECTIOUS DISEASE ADVISOR - Work of study co-author and IDM professor JOHN MELLORS reported that different clonal virus populations can be recovered from the two cell types. The findings suggest that inducible virus production may be a good marker of the latent infectious reservoir in both cell types. Identifying the sources of latent HIV and developing tools to measure improvements in therapies are essential for clinicians and their patients. 

Emily Robbins (IDM '16) joins Philadelphia Department of Public Health

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Congratulations to EMILY ROBBINS (IDM '16)  on her new position with the Philadelphia Department of Public Health (PDPH). She will work as an epidemiology program associate in waterborne diseases with an initial primary focus on Legionella prevention within the community.  

Discussing the legacy of polio, one of the most dreaded disease in history (VIDEO)

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KD/PG SUNDAY EDITION - KDKA’s Stacy Smith and the Post-Gazette’s Jerry Micco discuss present-day challenges in the worldwide fight to eradicate polio with PETER SALK, visiting professor  in IDM, as well as his childhood growing up in Pittsburgh while his father's team developed the first injectable polio vaccine in the 1950s. 

Son of Salk: cooperation will end polio

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PITT NEWS - Peter Salk knows the last step to eradicating polio: teamwork.   According to him, his father, Jonas Salk--the inventor of the injected polio vaccine in 1952--knew more than research would be necessary to eradicate the virus: “Cooperation brings us results. But he knew we have to deal with the issues that arise from man’s relationship to man.” Salk spoke to 150 students, professionals, and Pittsburghers about achieving polio eradi... 

Salk's son: Eradication of polio would make Pittsburgh proud

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TRIBLIVE - “The eradication of polio has been tantalizingly close for years now,” said Dean DONALD BURKE.... IDM visiting professor PETER SALK adds, “When polio is ultimately eradicated, it will be something the University of Pittsburgh and Pittsburghers in general can be proud of. The University played a major role in something that will be earthshaking.” Before that milestone is achieved, Jonas Salk's injectable form of the vaccine must be ... 

Ernesto Marques on how the response to Zika failed millions

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NEW YORK TIMES - Infectious disease specialist with IDM and at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Brazil, ERNESTO MARQUES JR. said Brazilian scientists felt let down when they looked for outside help—at first from European donors and health agencies. “The local researchers’ role was mainly to collect samples,” Marques said bitterly.  

The Opioid Epidemic and a Long Overdue Response

Associate Professor Linda Frank takes thoughtful look at responses to opioid epidemic. From our department and Pitt Public Health there can be many actions that can be taken. 

Extensive Brain Defects Seen in Babies of Mothers With Zika

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THE NEW YORK TIMES - … Dr. Ernesto T. A. Marques Jr., an infectious disease specialist at the University of Pittsburgh and the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Brazil, said that study was consistent with what he had seen in Recife, Brazil. …  

Microcephaly Found in Babies of Zika-Infected Mothers Months After Birth

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NEW YORK TIMES - Dr. Ernesto T. A. Marques Jr., an infectious disease specialist at the University of Pittsburgh and the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Recife, who was not involved in either study, said it could be that because of the initial fetal brain damage, “the necessary pathways and hormones that organize growth of the neonatal brain are not there anymore and the brain doesn’t grow.” 

Meet Joanna Shaw (IDM ’18), Dean’s Scholar

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Unsure of whether to pursue an MD, a PhD, or both, incoming Dean's Scholar JOANNA SHAW chose Pitt Public Health's Department of Infections Diseases and Microbiology to further develop her research and lab skills while she solidifies her research and career plans... 

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Recent IDM Publications

Rift Valley fever in animals and humans: Current perspectives 

Rift Valley fever in animals and humans: Current perspectives

ANTIVIRAL RESEARCH - McMillen and Hartman discuss the historical role of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) as a biological weapon and conclude with an outline of the important unanswered questions for ongoing research into this important zoonotic disease. (06/11/2018)

Inefficient HIV-1 trans infection of CD4+ T cells by macrophages from HIV-1 nonprogressors is associated with altered membrane cholesterol and DC-SIGN 

Inefficient HIV-1 trans infection of CD4+ T cells by macrophages from HIV-1 nonprogressors is associated with altered membrane cholesterol and DC-SIGN

JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY - Delucia, Rinaldo, Rappocciolo demonstrate that the use of SIMV to decrease macrophage-mediated virus transfer should be considered for future HIV therapeutic development.  (05/18/2018)

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-mediated neuroinflammation dysredulates neurogranin and induces synaptodendritic injury 

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-mediated neuroinflammation dysredulates neurogranin and induces synaptodendritic injury

JOURNAL OF NEUROINFLAMMATION - Guha, Wagner, Ayyavoo conduct first study evaluating the potential role of Ng in the context of HIV-1 neropathogens and conclude that synaptic damage in HAND+ patients could be a result of abrogation of Ng through HIV-1 induced inflammation that dysregulates Ng-CaM in... (05/18/2018)

Widespread virus replication in alveoli drives acute respiratory distress syndrome in aerosolized H5N1 influenza infection of macaques 

Widespread virus replication in alveoli drives acute respiratory distress syndrome in aerosolized H5N1 influenza infection of macaques

JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY - Wonderlich, Swan, Bissel, Hartman, Carney, O'Malley, Obadan, Santos, Walker, Sturgeon, Frye, Maiello, Scanga, Bowling, Duangkhae, Wiley, Flynn, Wang, Cole, Reed, Barratt-Boyes establish a new nonhuman primate disease model for evaluation of vaccine and therapeutic approaches... (02/14/2018)

Novel assay reveals a large inducible replication competent HIV-1 reservoir in resting CD4+ T cells 

Novel assay reveals a large inducible replication competent HIV-1 reservoir in resting CD4+ T cells

NATURE MEDICINE - Gupta, Sanyal, Ratner, Ding, Zerbato, Giacobbi, Venkatachari, Patterson, Chargin, Chen, Mailliard, Rinaldo, and Sluis-Cremer found that the size of the inducible latent HIV-1 reservoir in aviremic subjects on ART is approximately 70-fold larger than previous estimates.  (02/08/2018)

Peripheral blood biomarkers of disease outcome in a monkey model of rift valley fever encephalitis.  

Peripheral blood biomarkers of disease outcome in a monkey model of rift valley fever encephalitis.

JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY - Wonderlich, Caroline, McMillen, Walters, Reed, Barratt-Boyes, and Hartman conclude that African green monkeys are a novel and suitable model for studying the neuropathogenesis of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) and for testing vaccines and therapeutics against this important emerging ... (02/05/2018)

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